Land Code

Land Code Ratification Vote Results

“The land code has been ratified by the Citizens and now returns the rights and decisions of our lands back to the people of Hiawatha. Having a land code is an important step in the protection of our lands for our many generations to come, while also providing opportunities of growth for our First Nation. We look forward to working with all our Citizens as the laws–our own laws–are developed for our First Nation.” ~ HFN Chief and Council​

  • 723 Eligible Voters
  • Total Ballots Cast: 315
  • Yes Votes: 172
  • No Votes: 140
  • ​Spoiled Ballots: 3

Ratification Documents

Background Documents


Click here to watch Hiawatha’s new draft Land Code Video – Reference November 12, 2019 Hiawatha Land Code Dinner. (Opens in new tab/window)

Hiawatha Land Code Update Presentation (Nov. 2019)

Framework Agreement Presentation (Nov. 2019)

Additional Information

Principle Differences Between the Framework Agreement & the Indian Act

Framework Agreement Myths and Facts

Framework Agreement FAQs

A Letter to Yellowhead Institute – Regarding their August 4 th publication: The Rise of the First Nations Land Management Regime in Canada: A Critical Analysis

What is a Land Code?

A Land Code is a basic land law. This law would replace some parts parts of the Indian Act that relate to land. Hiawatha First Nation and the Land Code Development Committee, made up of some of our citizens, has been developing the Land Code, which will address things like:

  • Rules and procedures for purchasing, selling and registering land
  • Financial accountability to citizens for land revenues (such as leases)
  • How Hiawatha will make land laws
  • A dispute resolution process

A Land Code Will Not

  • Affect additions to reserves or land claims
  • Increase provincial or municipal jurisdiction
  • Affect taxation or tax exemption
  • Affect Treaty/Indigenous rights

Land Code Process

This is a First Nation-driven project. First Nations that go through this process develop their own Land Code that reflects their unique laws, priorities and traditions. Once the Land Code is completed, all eligible citizens, both on and off the reserve, will be asked to vote on the Land Code. Nothing is finalized without community approval through a vote.

Hiawatha First Nation has established a Committee to develop the Land Code, hold community consultation meetings, door-to-door visits, locate eligible voters, and develop the community voting process document.

Indigenous CBC Article – How Georgina Island First Nation Took Back Control of Lands and Resources

Benefits of a Land Code

  • First real recognition of Hiawatha’s right to manage its own lands and resources
  • Removal of reserve lands sections from the Indian Act
  • Community control over First Nation land management and development
  • Inclusion of both on and off-reserve citizens on important decisions
  • Increased accountability to citizens
  • Enhanced ability for Hiawatha to protect the environment
  • Ability to create a local dispute resolution process

Summery of Benefits of the Framework Agreement to First Nation

First Nations with a Land Code

K’atl’odeeche First Nation celebrate a victory with the adoption of a new Land Code.


The Minutes for Land Code Development Committee Meetings are organized by calendar year (January to December). Any citizen who would like more information about the Committee meetings is requested to contact Kelly Dickinson, Lands Assistant/Clerk at or 705-295-7119.

2018-11-30    2019-01-22    2019-02-19    2019-03-19    2019-04-16    2019-05-09    2019-06-11    2019-07-03    2019-07-17    2019-11-27